Demystifying Political Science: A Beginner’s Guide to Understanding Politics

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Welcome to the world of Political Science where ideologies clash and decisions impact every aspect of our lives. It is a required field that helps us understand the complexities of power, governance, and society. However, political jargon can be intimidating and confusing for those new to this subject.

Fear not! In this beginner’s guide to understanding politics, we will demystify political science and explain its key concepts in simple terms. By the end of this post, you’ll better grasp what drives politicians’ decisions and how they affect us all. So let’s dive into the fascinating world of politics together!

What is Political Science?

Political science is the study of politics and its effects on society. It encompasses a variety of subfields, including political theory, public policy, international relations, law, and political economy. Political scientists use various methods to understand politics and its effects on society, including surveys, interviews, focus groups, and statistical analysis.

Political scientists use a variety of theories to understand politics and its effects on society. The most popular approaches include democracy theory, liberalism theory, conservatism theory, Marxism theory, and pragmatism theory. Political scientists also use game theoretical models to understand how people behave in political systems.

Political science is an important discipline because it helps us understand how governments work and how different policies affect the overall well-being of people in society.

Theoretical Perspectives in Political Science

Political science is a vast and complex field of study covering various topics, from domestic policy to international relations. However, despite its breadth, political science still needs theory. In this article, we will provide an overview of some of the most common theoretical perspectives in political science and how they shape how we think about politics.

First, there are the positivist and interpretivism schools of thought. Positivists believe that knowledge can be derived through observation and experimentation. Interpretivists, on the other hand, believe that knowledge is created through the interpretation of data by individuals. Second, are the Realist and Structuralist schools.

Realists believe that politics is based on power relationships between different groups, while structuralists argue that social institutions, such as economic systems, play a significant role in shaping politics. Finally, Critical Theorists challenge all mainstream theories in political science and promote philosophical arguments about political life.

Methods of Political Science

In this article, we will be discussing the different methods used in political science. We will also give some tips on how to begin studying this field.

Political Science can be divided into three main branches: Behavioral or social sciences, law and public policy, and international relations. Each department uses a different method of inquiry to study politics.

The first type of inquiry is qualitative analysis. Qualitative researchers focus on developing an understanding of politics through case studies or interviews with participants. They try to get underneath the surface of events and people to understand their motivations and beliefs. Qualitative research can be time-consuming and requires special expertise, so it is only sometimes feasible for scholars working in this area.

The second main method used in political science is quantitative research. Quantitative researchers collect data using surveys, experiments, or other measurement tools. They aim to find patterns in political phenomena and use that information to predict future behaviour or policy outcomes. Quantitative research is often more feasible than qualitative research because it requires less specialized knowledge or time investment from the researcher. However, it can also be less revealing because it allows for less exploration of nuances and context surrounding the data collection process.

Theories of Politics

In this beginner’s guide to political science, we will discuss the three main theories of politics. We’ll dive into each one and discuss what they believe, why they believe it, and how they think it affects our lives.

Traditional Political Science Theory: The Realist Theory

The traditional political science theory is based on the belief that politics is a natural process that involves human beings trying to resolve conflicts and achieve objectives through negotiation and bargaining.

The main criticisms of the realist theory are that it does not consider the role of emotions in politics (particularly fear and anger), as well as the impact of ideology on decision-making. Additionally, realists often assume that all countries behave the same way regarding their interactions with other countries, which is only sometimes the case.


In this article, we have attempted to demystify politics by breaking it down into its simplest form. We hope that this guide has helped you understand the basics of political science and given you a better understanding of how politics works. If you would like to delve deeper into the topic or have any other questions, please do not hesitate to comment below or contact us via our contact page.

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